Crisis in Europe: cause and relationship – The Himalayan Times – Nepal’s No.1 English Daily Newspaper

Russia invaded Ukraine while surrounding this country from three sides. We are all aware of this terrible situation right now. Let’s analyze the past and study in brief.

After the collapse of the Soviet Union, NATO (North Atlantic Treaty Organization) expanded eastward, eventually encompassing most of the European nations that had been under the communist sphere. The Baltic republics of Lithuania, Latvia and Estonia, which were once part of the Soviet Union, joined NATO, as did Poland, Romania and others. As a result, NATO moved several hundred kilometers closer to Moscow, on the direct border with Russia.

Meanwhile, the United States had urged and wished for Ukraine to join NATO so that it could establish a military base and actively participate in security training right next to the Russian border. Putin has repeatedly raised the specter of US ballistic missiles and combat forces in Ukraine.

The Russian president describes NATO expansion as threatening and the prospect of Ukraine’s membership as a major threat to his country.

Besides threats to Russia’s security, there are several reasons why the war was provoked despite its criticisms.

We can foresee multiple political strategies and tactics with the vested interests of a few countries to stop the gas pipeline between Russia and Germany, worth about 10 billion euros (15 billion dollars), which was completed last September.

Russia is a key part of the 15-nation partnership that has kept the ISS orbiting the Earth for 23 years at a very low level at present. So there is also a possibility that the 500 ton structure will fall on any country. Thus, space power with information flow warfare also plays a key role in triggering the attack at this time.

When the Soviet Union began developing oil and gas pipelines to Europe, Europe’s energy dependence on Russia became a particular concern in Washington.

Europe lost an invaluable leader and negotiator with Moscow after the departure of Chancellor Angela Merkel, who is fluent in Russian and had developed bilateral relations with the Russian president. His successor, Olaf Scholz, tried to play a leading role in the crisis which worsened shortly after his election, by halting the certification of the Nord Stream 2 gas pipeline which would link his country to Russia – one of the measures strongest ever taken by the West to punish the Kremlin.

Nord stream 2 (started in 1997) is a very ambitious energy project, which consists of a system of gas pipelines in Europe, passing under the Baltic Sea from Russia to Germany, and includes two gas pipelines.

The original Nord Stream pipeline, with an annual capacity of 55 billion cubic meters (bcm), was completed in late 2012. The total capacity of the pipeline system is expected to double to 110 bcm after the completion of Nord Stream 2 The pipeline crosses the exclusive economic zones of five countries: Russia, Germany, Denmark, Finland and Sweden.

The United States has long been an opponent of the pipeline, and already strained transatlantic relations have continued to deteriorate as the project progressed.

The administrations of both US presidents, Barack Obama and Donald Trump, have made clear their opposition to the pipeline, and the country introduced sanctions in December 2019, forcing Swiss company Allseas’ pipelaying vessels to stop working on the pipeline. project and resulting in months of delay.

Russian frustrations can endanger the whole world, especially the Western bloc. Thus, powerful leaders and diplomats should act very cautiously and intelligently to prevent the war from escalating further, thus reversing a possible catastrophe. Renowned media must play an equally balanced role without provoking or accelerating the current crisis

Threats of new sanctions in mid-2020 now put the completion of the pipeline at risk.

Russia’s use of trade and energy to create dependencies has given it a strong hand – a hand that the United States and its European allies have limited options to counter or must think twice to suppress. movement in an agro-economic way.

The rise in prices of everyday consumer goods will worsen in Europe, and the economic crisis will certainly hit everywhere even if peace prevails.

The United States and its allies are coordinating not only to freeze the assets of Putin and his allies, but to seize those assets as well.

This is very provocative and acts as a catalyst in staying in a safe place. If the leaders continue to provoke Russia with all kinds of sanctions, things will be very scary for all Western allies.

Why would Putin risk sanctions, and possibly a terrible economic crisis as a result? And if he’s not really willing to risk all these things, then why is he playing this game? Why is he moving when the giant countries are against him? Questions keep growing and multiplying on their own imaginary terms and conditions.

I think Putin was aware of all these incoming situations that trigger the image and the socio-political system for a long time.

But are we aware that the Kremlin is thinking beyond the horizon of the consequences if everyone is against a land with specific sanctions and isolation? If Putin chooses the nuclear option, is there anyone to stop him? If Russia’s rulers realize what they’ve been thinking about, it could also be peace around the Western Circle (for a few years). What if they suffer heavy casualties and are pressured into adopting a deadlier war – even atomic – against all nations fighting and supporting Ukraine right now, especially the Western allies? I would like to borrow the view shared by veteran BBC journalist Steve Rosenberg that if Russia were to deviate towards nuclear war, then “the first objective would be to detonate a nuclear weapon somewhere over the North Sea between Great Britain and Denmark”.

In summary, Russian frustrations can endanger the whole world, especially the Western bloc with a precarious life. Thus, powerful leaders and diplomats should act very cautiously and intelligently to prevent the war from escalating further, thus reversing a possible catastrophe. Renowned media should play an equally balanced role without provoking or accelerating the current crisis and serving as a bridge between two responsible neighbors in a peaceful manner.

Pray for peace.

Ojha is an engineer for a multinational in Denmark

A version of this article appears in the March 7, 2022 printing of The Himalayan Times.

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